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HEALTH IN CRISIS


Amongst the never-ending clamour and media hype of the much exaggerated claims of "spectacular medical breakthroughs" and "life-saving wonder drugs", Australians are still plagued by major health problems. Furthermore our overall health has been steadily deteriorating since the aggrandising of "modern medicine", during the Second World War. Major afflictions such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, iatrogenic (doctor induced) disease, diabetes, birth defects, asthma, arthritis, leukaemia, mental disease, and an endless list of other old diseases along with many new ones, such as herpes and AIDS, have rampantly escalated to the crisis that now confronts us. These diseases are killing and damaging more and more Australians every day - a tragic situation that affects virtually every family.

Allopathic medicine, also known as "modern medicine", has unfortunately been largely ineffective in dealing with most diseases, and more than often it introduces further problems. Ironically, most of our present-day afflictions are the direct result of inappropriate lifestyle and environment, and therefore can usually be prevented. Another major factor that is responsible for our health crisis is the massive and widespread fraud in medical research and product testing.

RUN-DOWN ON DISEASES

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Cardiovascular disease (which includes hypertension, heart disease, stroke, atherosclerosis and other conditions that deal with the circulatory system) is the leading cause of death in most Western industrialised nations. Back in 1921, circulatory diseases were responsible for 23.5% of all Australian deaths, and by 1968 it reached a staggering 58.9%. Fortunately in the early 1970s, death rates for heart disease were starting to decline, (1) mainly due to education programs that were alerting the public on reducing known causes, such as meat and other animal products. (Unfortunately, these programs failed to inform the public that reducing these foods was not enough, but what was needed was an elimination of these disease-causing foods.) Although the brief reduction in heart disease was encouraging at the time, the overall cardiovascular problem continued to look desperate. But not only that, it appears that heart disease has been increasing again.

According to results obtained from the largest health surveys of its kind in Australia, there had been a notable increase in the prevalence of long-term cardiovascular conditions between 1977-78 and 1989-90. The 1977-78 National Health Survey (NHS), which was carried out by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), estimated that 5.7% of the population (785,000 persons) reported having a long-term cardiovascular condition. The more recent ABS survey, the 1989-90 NHS, estimated that the figure had jumped to 10.2% (1,741,000 persons). That is an increase by almost 80% in just 12 years. The cardiovascular condition that increased the most was long-term hypertension (high blood pressure), which more than doubled. (2) Hypertension is a serious problem that predisposes to the more deadly cardiovascular conditions such as heart disease and stroke. A person with hypertension compared to a person of same age whose blood pressure is normal, has: double the risk of dying in the next year; triple the risk of dying from a heart attack; quadruple the risk of heart failure; and seven times the risk of stroke. (3,4) The 1989-90 NHS also found that the prevalence of long-term heart disease had also increased (by 12%) since 1977-78, affecting 317,000 Australians in 1989-90. (2) Unfortunately, cardiovascular disease is still Australia's number one killer, which in 1992 accounted for 46,752 premature deaths. (5)

Cardiovascular disease is so common in Western countries today that we tend to think of it as an inevitable price we must pay for growing old. The problem is that while we continue with inappropriate lifestyles, cardiovascular disease along with most other preventable diseases will continue to plague us. For example, we refuse to accept the undeniable fact that the human animal is a vegan animal, and we continue to consume meat and other animal products that simply are not suitable for our bodies. As with dairy foods and eggs, the consumption of meat for most Australians continues to be extremely high. This comes as no surprise when you consider the complete saturation of pro-meat misinformation by vested interests in encouraging us to eat more of their disease-causing junk. The National Heart Foundation "Approved" symbols are on butcher shop windows. The Australian Nutrition Foundation, who has been masquerading as an independent "health" organisation, has been placing expensive advertisements - funded by the Meat and Livestock Corporation - warning us about the "necessity" of meat in relation to iron. Kentucky Fried Chicken and McDonald's "food" outlets are completely saturating us with their advertisements. The latter, targeting very heavily on our highly impressionable and easily exploited children. These and a multitude of other vested interests have the money, the power, and the will to keep us consuming their disease-causing junk.

To have an understanding of the importance of diet upon our health we can look at societies that have entirely different eating habits from ourselves. One such society is the Hunza of the Himalayas. Because the amount of land that is available to them is quite limited, the Hunzas adopted a strict vegetarian diet, mainly eating fresh fruit and vegetables (although they consume goats milk and its products, and occasionally eat fish on feast days). These people have the reputation of being the healthiest, longest-living people in the world, and almost completely without common Western scourges such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Of course other factors are also responsible for the Hunza's legendary health, such as vigorous work and their unpolluted environment; but when looking at other societies living in similar conditions except for their eating habits, one can see the difference that diet makes. The Eskimos are one example; their diet consists mainly of meat and these people are short-lived and suffer much disease, including cardiovascular and cancer.

For a thorough insight on life-sustaining vegan eating, the writers recommend the books VEGAN NUTRITION: PURE AND SIMPLE (6) and PREGNANCY, CHILDREN, AND THE VEGAN DIET, (7) by internationally known nutrition educator and practising physician, Dr Michael Klaper.

The medical and research establishment's enormous and expensive technological attack on cardiovascular disease has been mainly unsuccessful, and the so-called "experts" admit it. For example, speaking on the prevention of coronary heart disease, a working party of the British Cardiological Society and the Royal College of Physicians of London has stated: "We consider the present size of the coronary heart disease problem in this country and the small effect of medical and surgical treatment on the mortality rate from coronary heart disease justifies the attempt to prevent a disease we cannot cure." (8)

CANCER

Cancer is the second major cause of death in Australia. (5) In the early 1940s cancer accounted for 12% of Australian deaths, and by the late 1970s it shot up to about 20%. (9) By 1992, this scourge has further increased to 25.9% of all deaths (32,033 persons) in this country. (5) Every year there are more and more new cancer cases being detected; in 1985 there were over 52,500 new cases of cancer registered in Australia. (10) (Incidentally, at the time of writing this, there was no published information that gave more recent than 1985 statistics on cancer incidence for the whole of Australia. However published information on more recent cancer incidence statistics for some States are available and will be used in this report.) The spiralling upward trend of cancer incidence and deaths is typical in most Western nations.

Many industries whose chemical products have been implicated in causing cancer have tried to argue this increase in cancer by blaming it on an ageing population and smoking. However cancer strikes not only the elderly but also other age groups including infants. Among males, cancer is the second leading cause of death for ages 1 to 44 years, where it is exceeded by violent deaths, accidents, homicide, suicide and poisoning. At ages 45 to 64, cancer is the leading cause of male deaths. Among females, cancer is the second leading cause of death for ages 1 to 24, where it is exceeded by violent deaths, accidents, homicide, suicide and poisoning. At ages 25 to 64, cancer is the leading cause of female deaths. (11) Furthermore, as you will soon see, the increase in cancer has not been limited to the lungs alone, but has also involved a wide range of body organs and therefore cannot be largely due to smoking.

The medical and research establishments' "war" on cancer has (except for a few uncommon cancers) been a dismal failure. Not only that but their cut-burn-poison "treatments" are known to often kill the patient before the cancer does. Because of their failure to stem the ever-growing tide of new cancer cases and in treating existing ones, the medical and research establishments are scrambling to hide the truth from the public of this intolerable situation. John Bailar, a former editor of the United States Journal of the National Cancer Institute and who worked for the Institute for 25 years, told the 1985 annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science that today more and more people with benign or mild diseases are being included in statistics in order to make it seem as if more cancer victims are being cured. (12)

Another clever tactic that makes the situation appear better, is to define a cancer patient as being "cured" if he or she has survived for 5 years after first being diagnosed with the disease. And by improving early detection procedures, the date from which survival is measured is shifted back in time, thus more people would fit in the 5-year "cure" statistics, although they may die later from the disease, or more than likely, because of their "treatment".

Mortality from LUNG cancer in Australian men has risen steadily and some 25-fold since about 1930. (13) By 1985, the lifetime probabilities of males developing cancer of the lung is 1 in 15. Because of its high fatality, lung cancer has mortality rates that are nearly the same as its incidence rates. In 1985, 4,938 Australian men developed lung cancer and 89% (or 4,396) died from it. (14) An increasing number of Australian women are also dying from lung cancer; the mortality rates have increased five-fold since 1950. Even with early diagnosis, the outcome of the disease is poor. The 5-year relative survival in 1977-85 was a dismal 11%. (13)

Smoking would of course be the main cause of lung cancer, but other factors such as diet are also implicated. For instance many studies have consistently shown that the higher blood cholesterol count of a smoker, the greater the chance that he or she will develop lung cancer. (15) Consequently, meat-eating smokers have distinctively higher rates of lung cancer than vegetarian smokers. (16)

Cancer of the BREAST is the most common cancer in Australian women. In 1985 there were 5,837 new cases of breast cancer among women in this country, and in the same year about 38% (or 2195) of women died from the disease. The incidence of breast cancer in women rises rapidly from the early 20s to 50 years of age. In 1985 the lifetime risk of a woman contracting breast cancer was one in 16. (17) The trend is worsening; more recent statistics, obtained from the New South Wales Central Cancer Registry, have shown that the incidence of breast cancer in NSW had increased by 19% between 1973 and 1990, with most of the scourge in new cases occurring in the mid to late 1980s. (18)

The consumption of animal fat is implicated in the disease. The largest studies into cancer have been headed by Dr Takeshi Hirayama, at the National Cancer Research Institute in Tokyo, where up to 122,000 people have been monitored for decades. In one such study, Dr Hirayama and his co-workers have found that those who eat meat daily are four times as likely to get breast cancer compared to those that eat little or no meat. Similarly, the more eggs, butter and cheese consumed, the much greater the risk of breast cancer. (19)

Research has shown that allopathic medicine is failing to effectively treat breast cancer. In a large British study it was revealed that 40% of women were alive at 5 years, 30% at 10 years, and only 18% at 20 years. (21) Dr Edward F. Scanlon, of the Northwestern University Medical School, states in the Journal of the American Medical Association that "over a period of 100 years, breast cancer treatment has evolved from no treatment to radical treatment and back again to more conservative management, without having affected mortality." (22)

Mortality from cancer of the PROSTATE in Australia increased almost six-fold between 1910 and 1959, and it continues to rise. (23) In 1985 there were 4,078 new cases of prostate cancer in Australian men, and 38% (or 1,556) died of the disease. (24) Mortality from cancer of the BLADDER has doubled in men between 1910 and 1964 and in women between 1910 and 1934. (25) In 1985 there were 2,058 more Australian women diagnosed with cancer of the UTERUS, and in the same year 645 women died from the cancer. (26) According to a United States study, the average age of women who had the severest form of pre-cancer of the uterus was 35 in 1970. By 1990 the average age was only 25 years. (27) In 1985 there were 919 new cases of cancer of the OVARY AND OTHER UTERINE ADNEXAE, and 62.5% (or 575) deaths due to this disease. (28) Mortality from cancer of the ovaries in this country has increased some four-fold between 1910 and 1950 and it hasn't improved since. (29) According to a recent study in Victoria, the incidence of TESTICULAR cancer has increased three-fold between 1950 and 1990. (30) Mortality in Australia from cancer of the KIDNEY and other urinary organs trebled in males between 1900 and 1979 and doubled in females. (31) Mortality for PANCREATIC cancer increased in the same period. (32) The incidence of malignant MELANOMA in Australia is increasing at an average annual rate of 5.5%. (33) In only three years (between 1982 and 1985) the incidence rate of this cancer rose by 35.4%. (34) The death rate is also rising. (33) Between 1950-54 and 1980-84, mortality rates for cancers of the CONNECTIVE TISSUE have increased three-fold. (35) Mortality from cancer of the BRAIN AND NERVOUS SYSTEM has risen substantially since the beginning of the century and has doubled between 1950-54 and 1980-84. (36) During this same period, mortality from MYELOMA has progressively increased by 73%. (37) Mortality from NON-HODGKINS LYMPHOMA has risen steadily since 1950-54 with a doubling of the rate. (38)

As shown earlier in this report, this spiralling cancer epidemic is affecting all age groups, including children. Australia and New Zealand have the highest rates of CHILDHOOD CANCER in the world and the rates continue to increase, according to Dr William McWhirter, (39) a senior lecturer in child health at the Royal Children's Hospital, Brisbane, and a researcher who headed a study of cancer rates among Queensland children. (40) The study had shown that between 1973 and 1988 the rate of cancer among children aged up to 12 years in Queensland had risen from a mean of 11.1 per 100,000 during the first four years of the period to 14.2 during the last four years; an increase by 28%. Dr McWhirter et al wrote that "the trend was upwards for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, acute non-lymphoblastic leukaemia, central nervous system neoplasms, bone neoplasms, and soft-tissue sarcomas...", and that "the trends for acute non-lymphoblastic leukaemia and for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in boys were statistically significant." Dr McWhirter said that the last time New South Wales figures had been analysed, in the early 1980s, they too had shown a rise in childhood cancer cases. (39) In their report, Dr McWhirter et al further explained that overseas studies had also observed rises in childhood cancers in the past few decades.

As with cardiovascular disease, cancer today is considered as an inevitable price for growing old. However, this line of thinking is far from the truth as, along with most other human afflictions, cancer is mainly the result of inappropriate lifestyle and environment, and therefore largely avoidable. Many human clinical and epidemiological studies (41) have repeatedly demonstrated the many causes of cancer such as the eating of meat and other animal products; nutritional deficiencies; tobacco smoking; alcohol; pharmaceutical drugs and vaccines; some medical procedures including X-rays; other pollutants such as industrial and household chemicals, factory and car emissions, pesticides, herbicides, asbestos, nuclear power-plants, food preservatives and additives, dyes, fluoride; and a host of other modern-day "necessities". Unfortunately, because the vast majority of these are products of the richest and most powerful industrial concerns in the world (ie. petro-chemical, medical, pharmaceutical, power generation, food and weapons industries) the overwhelming evidence of their carcinogenic effects is largely suppressed or ignored, thus stifling any possible solution to our cancer epidemic.

OUR OTHER MAJOR AFFLICTIONS

As with cardiovascular disease and cancer, society's other debilitating and life-threatening afflictions are becoming a growing problem.

Deaths from ASTHMA, emphysema and bronchitis are increasing and in 1992 it reached 6,782. (5) Comparing results from the largest health surveys of its kind in this country, the 1989-90 and the 1977-78 National Health Surveys (NHS) carried out by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (reported on earlier), it has been revealed that asthma as a long-term condition had more than tripled. In 1977-78, 2.4% of the population (an estimated 336,000 people) reported experiencing long-term asthma. Only 12 years later (in 1989-90) the percentage of people experiencing the condition jumped to 8% (1,365,000 persons). Furthermore, the authors of the 1989-90 study revealed: "While the proportion of persons experiencing asthma as a long-term condition has increased across all age groups, the increase is most pronounced in persons aged under 15 years..." The survey found that 14% of persons under 15 years was experiencing asthma. (42) According to the New South Wales chief health officer, Dr Sue Morey, "Rates of asthma in Australia and New Zealand are recognised by experts as being higher than elsewhere in the world, but there is no difference between rural and urban areas." (43)

An estimated 234,000 Australians in 1989-90 reported that they had DIABETES MELLITUS and results from successive ABS health surveys has shown that the disease is rising. In 1977-78, an estimated 0.4% of the population reported as having long-term diabetes; by 1989-90 the figure had almost tripled (1.1%). (44) In 1992, deaths from diabetes mellitus were 2,405. (5)

LIVER DISEASE accounted for 1,102 deaths in 1992 (45) and there are some 250,000 Australians with chronic liver disease. (46)

ARTHRITIS affects up to an estimated 2 million Australians and is one of our most common chronic disease. Comparing results from the 1977-78 NHS and the 1989-90 NHS, it was found that the incidence of arthritis as a long-term condition had more than doubled in the 12 years, and by 1989-90 the condition affected 10.6% of the population. (47) Although the condition mainly affects adults, one in 250 children was found to suffer from arthritis following another study that involved 2254 12-year-olds. (48) The 1989-90 NHS found that one in 125 people under 25 had arthritis. (47)

In 1983 the New York Times had reported that BIRTH DEFECTS in the United States had doubled since the previous 25 years. (49) More recently, the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, an organisation responsible for monitoring birth defects, reveals that every year more than a quarter million babies (one in 12) are born with birth defects in the United States. A 1980 study had also shown disturbing results in British Columbia; 6.1% rate of birth defects, of unknown causes alone. (50) No such studies have been carried out in Australia, but because in many respects our lifestyle and environment (not referring to natural environment) is so similar to that of the United States and British Columbia, the rate of birth defects in this country could be very similar.

MENTAL DISORDERS continue to be a growing problem. An estimated one million Australians suffered from a mental disorder in 1989-90. (51) Unfortunately it is difficult to measure the true extent of deaths due to mental disorders because of complicating factors. For example, suicide due to a mental disorder is classified according to the nature of the injury or poisoning. (52) Nevertheless, ABS statistics have shown that death rates under the classification of mental disorders had tripled since the 1960s. (53)

An estimated 160,000 (or one in 100) Australians are afflicted with EPILEPSY in 1989-90, (51) and about 130,000 Australians suffer from ALZHEIMER'S disease. (54) The list goes on and on!

PREVENTION IS THE ANSWER

As with cardiovascular disease and cancer, the above afflictions are largely the result of inappropriate lifestyle and environment and if suitable preventive measures were adopted then major improvements in our health would result. Prevention is the key to health and longevity, and it is just as important today as it has been in the past, when infectious diseases plagued our ancestors. Incidentally, in direct contrast to what health officials have been telling us, medical history (55) and government statistics (56) prove that the steep decline in deaths and morbidity from infectious diseases were the direct result of health and social-economic reforms - such as improvements in sanitation, hygiene, nutrition, water supplies, housing and working conditions, and isolation of the sick - and not due to vaccinations. Furthermore, most of the decline occurred well before the widespread use of vaccinations.

Unfortunately in these so-called modern-times our consumption of inappropriate foods, such as meat, remain very high; we drink too much alcohol and smoke too much; we take far too many pharmaceutical (and to a lesser extent, illicit) drugs; we are subjected to a host of inappropriate, and more than often, dangerous medical procedures; injected with poisonous vaccines; exposed to a multitude of dangerous chemical and other pollutants such as pesticides, food preservatives and additives, fluoride, dyes, agrochemicals, plastics, insecticides, industrial wastes, radiation from nuclear power plants and X-rays etc, etc!

THE POLITICS OF SICKNESS

The public at large is now so totally contaminated by what are mainly unnecessary consumer and waste products of corrupt and greedy industries that are hell-bent in chasing the mighty dollar, and who are untroubled by the devastation they create along the way. Moreover, these corporate multinationals are doing their utmost to hide the truth and to cause confusion so that their products are not implicated in the devastation they cause. Their direct and indirect control over the media, governments, medical and research institutions, and the rest of the Establishment in general, has been instrumental in keeping us in the dark. How this was achieved has been reported on by a number of important books, such as: NAKED EMPRESS OR THE GREAT MEDICAL FRAUD (57) by medical historian, Hans Ruesch; THE DRUG STORY (58) and NONE DARE CALL IT CONSPIRACY (59) by investigative journalists, Morris Bealle and Gary Allen respectively; and MURDER BY INJECTION: THE STORY OF THE MEDICAL CONSPIRACY AGAINST AMERICA (60) by another historian, Eustace Mullins.

The medical and research establishments have a major role in keeping us from learning the truth about the causes of so many of our afflictions. There are various reasons for this. Firstly, most of their "treatments" are implicated. Secondly, they do not wish to conflict with the interests of other industries, whose products and wastes are also responsible for our afflictions. The major industries are directly and indirectly interlocked with the pharmaceutical and medical industries. For example, most of the major pharmaceutical companies are owned or controlled by the Rockefellers, who also own or control much of the major chemical and oil companies. Also, much of the research money comes from the various industries that are making us sick. Thirdly, our ailing health is keeping the medical and research establishments extremely rich and powerful. And they know full well that while there is a high proportion of sick people, their ever-increasing flow of blood-money is assured. In 1991 the United States had spent $750 billion on health care, and it has been estimated that by the year 2000, health care costs in the US will reach a staggering 1.5 trillion dollars. (61) Back in 1979, President Carter said that "The oil lobby, perhaps the most powerful lobby on earth, is almost matched by hospital owners and doctors". (62)

IS MEDICINE MAKING US SICK?

Allopathic medicine's response to the previous listed afflictions has been as unsuccessful as it has in dealing with cardiovascular disease and cancer, and in most cases its poisonous chemical-based drugs, radical surgical procedures and dangerous radiation, which aim to "treat" symptoms - not the cause, creates more problems than what it purports to solve. Allopathic medicine can sometimes be life-saving for emergency situations (ie. car accidents), yet its potential to cause harm and its ineffectiveness cannot be over-stated.

Afflictions caused by medicine, known as iatrogenic disease, has itself become an increasing problem in our society. A recent study published in the Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy revealed that in 1987-88 there were between 30,000 and 40,000 hospital admissions in this country because of the taking of pharmaceutical drugs, and it further showed that adverse drug reactions (ADRs) would have been a major factor for between 700 to 900 deaths a year. (63) Unfortunately, because only about 10% of ADRs are reported in this country, (64) the full extent of our drug problem remains unknown. In the United Kingdom, which has a similar reporting system to ours, only about one to 10% of ADRs are reported. (65) According to Dr Julian Gold, head of the National Health Surveillance Unit of the Commonwealth Institute of Health, whose job as a medical epidemiologist is to monitor the total health environment, up to 40% of all patients in this country may be victims of iatrogenic afflictions. (66) The same figure has also been estimated for the United Kingdom. (67)

Many books by eminent doctors and other health writers have been written on the hazards of allopathic medicine and contain a wealth of useful information, namely: CONFESSIONS OF A MEDICAL HERETIC, (68) MAL(E) PRACTICE: HOW DOCTORS MANIPULATE WOMEN, (69) HOW TO RAISE A HEALTHY CHILD...IN SPITE OF YOUR DOCTOR, (70) and BUT DOCTOR, ABOUT THAT SHOT: THE RISKS OF IMMUNIZATIONS AND HOW TO AVOID THEM (71) by the late Dr Robert Mendelsohn; SLAUGHTER OF THE INNOCENT (72) and NAKED EMPRESS: OR THE GREAT MEDICAL FRAUD (57) by Hans Ruesch; MEDICINE OUT OF CONTROL: THE ANATOMY OF A MALIGNANT TECHNOLOGY (73) by Dr Richard Taylor; THE VACCINATION CONNECTION (74) by Sue Marston; LIMITS TO MEDICINE - MEDICAL NEMESIS: THE EXPROPRIATION OF HEALTH (75) by Ivan Illich; and DISSENT IN MEDICINE: NINE DOCTORS SPEAK OUT (76) by the New Medical Foundation. These all contain a wealth of useful information that will empower you with the knowledge to protect yourself against the many hazards created by the medical and research establishments.

FRAUDULENT RESEARCH

As discussed so far in this report, the medical and research establishments are much to blame for our worsening health crisis because they are really not interested in the already known causes of most diseases, and their "treatments" are largely ineffective and harmful. Not only that, but the medical and research establishments, in collaboration with the major industries, are responsible for massive and widespread fraud in medical research and product testing. Fraudulent research and testing ensure public acceptance of harmful and ineffective products and "therapies", and are used for legal protection when these cause harm.

A most revealing study, aptly titled CORPORATE CRIME IN THE PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY, (77) exposes widespread fraud in drug research and testing, among the many other crimes of this corrupt and dangerous industry. The author and now a Trade Practices Commissioner in Australia, Dr John Braithwaite, explains that "Data fabrication is so widespread, that it is called 'making' in the Japanese pharmaceutical industry, and 'graphiting' or 'dry labelling' in the United States". He further states:

"Pharmaceutical companies face great temptations to mislead health authorities about the safety of their products... Most of the data that the Australian Drug Evaluation Committee relies upon in deciding questions of safety and efficacy is data from other countries, particularly the US. Inquiries into scientific fraud in the US have shown there is a substantial problem of fraud in safety testing of drugs in the US, just as has been documented in Japan." (78)

Dr Braithwaite's study is based on extensive international research of pharmaceutical companies in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Mexico and Guatemala. At the time of researching the subject, Dr Braithwaite was a Research Criminologist at the Australian Institute of Criminology and a Fulbright Fellow affiliated to the University of California, Irvine and the United Nations Center on Transnational Corporations.

Many other titles have surfaced that demonstrate the widespread fraud in medical research and product testing, but none as important as the devastating exposes by world-renowned medical historian Hans Ruesch and former animal researcher Professor Pietro Croce.

In his books SLAUGHTER OF THE INNOCENT (72) and NAKED EMPRESS OR THE GREAT MEDICAL FRAUD, (57) Hans Ruesch amassed impressive evidence of the counter-productivity and fraud of animal research (which today is very prevalent in medical research) and the inevitable damage to our health that results from the application of data obtained from this pseudo-scientific practice. Professor Croce, came to the same conclusions after wasting many years in futile attempts in trying to apply data from animal experiments to humans. After abandoning his animal experiments, Professor Croce turned to relevant human studies, where he is now a world-renowned pathologist and author of the book VIVISECTION OR SCIENCE: A CHOICE TO MAKE (79) and numerous medical papers and articles. Numerous other medical professionals share Ruesch and Croce's contentions, and a collection of their anti-vivisectionist statements has been compiled by Hans Ruesch in his book 1000 DOCTORS (AND MANY MORE) AGAINST VIVISECTION. (80)

Ruesch and Croce argue that the only appropriate research models for humans are humans, and that no other animal species would be suitable. The same applies when studying other animal species. For example, the only way to learn about rat illnesses is to study rats; not mice, dogs or humans. And the only way to learn about dogs is to study dogs. The reasons are that each individual animal species is genetically unique; that is, each species has its own individual genetic make-up. Any small genetic difference predetermines massive variations in histology, biochemistry, morphology, physiology and other physical characteristics, along with psychological attributes. These species differences are not just minor obstacles for vivisectors to attempt to hurdle, but they are of profound importance that simply makes animal models completely useless for studying humans.

To make matters worse, vivisectors not only use the wrong species to study human illnesses, but their whole approach to investigating disease is flawed. Because animals don't suffer the same diseases as humans, vivisectors attempt to artificially and violently re-create spontaneous, natural occurring human diseases in healthy animals. This is absurd, because apart from the already complicating factor of species differences, a natural occurring disease cannot be "re-created" artificially, even if using the same species of animal. It is sometimes possible to re-create some of the symptoms of the disease, but never the disease itself. The only exception to this rule is in the case of infectious diseases, but animal infectious diseases are not the same as human infectious diseases. Professor Croce states:

"By inoculating pathogenic agents into animals, the researcher tries to obtain a model of human disease... And so, having created in an animal an infectious disease which is not the same as that of the human being, the experimenter starts trying out drugs which are supposed to cure it. At this point, the errors multiply in geometric progression, forming an inverted pyramid which cannot stand upright. The error of studying an artificially created disease is compounded by treating it with a drug which, in all probability, in the animal will be metabolised in a different way than in man." (81)

The undeniable facts are that animal experimentation can never be applicable to humans, simply because the premise on which it is based upon is false. And that the erroneous and fraudulent method of considering animals to be reliable models for human illnesses holds much to blame for our worsening health crisis. Despite this, animal experimentation is growing at an alarming rate, the reason being, is that it is mainly carried out for legal reasons, not scientific ones. D.F. Hawkins, Professor of Obstetric Therapeutics at the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Hammersmith Hospital, UK, reveals: "The great majority of perinatal toxicological studies seem to be intended to convey medic-legal protection to the pharmaceutical houses and political protection to the official regulatory bodies, rather than produce information that might be of value in human therapeutics." (82) R.W. Smithells, Professor of Paediatrics and Child Health at the University of Leeds and a former member of the Committee on Safety of Medicines, UK, adds: "The extensive animal reproduction studies to which all new drugs are now subjected are more in the nature of a public relations exercise than a serious contribution to drug safety." (83)

Dr Irwin Bross, former Director of the largest cancer research institute in the world, the Sloan-Kettering Institute, and then Director of Biostatics, Roswell Memorial Institute, Buffalo, US, explains further:

"The virtue of animal model systems to those in hot pursuit of the federal dollars is that they can be used to prove anything - no matter how foolish, or false, or dangerous this might be. There is such a wide variation in the results of animal model systems that there is always some system which will 'prove' a point. Fraudulent methods of argument never die and rarely fade away. They are too useful to promoters..." (84)

The following words by Hans Ruesch basically says it all for drug testing:

"It is not only scandalous but also tragic that the Drug Trust is permitted to flood the market with its products on the grounds that they have been thoroughly tested for effectiveness and safety on animals, and that the Health Authorities, meaning the Government, abet this deception, which is nothing but confirmed fraud. For both sides are well aware that animal tests are fallacious and merely serve as an alibi - an insurance against the day when it is no longer possible to conceal the disastrous side effects of a drug. Then they can say that 'all the required tests have been made' - that they have obeyed the Law.
"But they don't say that they themselves have imposed those laws, because the Lawmaker has no choice in all medical questions but to submit to the dictates of the 'medical experts'. And who are they? Agents of the Chemo-Medical Syndicate, whose links to the Health Authorities are so close that they usually overlap. So they, and no one else, impart binding orders to that mysterious and omnipotent individual, identified anonymously as 'The Lawmaker'." (85)

The above can equally apply to the multitude of other dangerous products and "therapies" that have been deemed "safe" and "effective" by the manipulative data obtained from fraudulent animal experiments, and which are directly responsible for the ever-increasing afflictions that are damaging and killing more and more people every day.

TIME TO ACT!

In closing, our steadily worsening health crisis won't go away until the brainwashed public are woken up to the above realities and seize control of their lives and responsibilities, instead of continuing to abdicate it to those who put profits and power above our very survival.

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Published in the Autumn 1994 issue of the CAFMR Newsletter and later re-issued as a CAFMR fact sheet.

Copyright 1994, 1996 by the Campaign Against Fraudulent Medical Research, www.pnc.com.au/~cafmr

This article may be copied or distributed, provided the copyright and disclaimer messages are clearly attached.

Disclaimer: This article is presented for educational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for professional or medical advice. CAFMR disclaims all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from the use of the information provided.


References and Notes

1. d'Espaignet, E.T. et al., Trends in Australian Mortality 1921-1988, Australian Institute of Health: Mortality Series No. 1, Australian Government Publishing Service (AGPS), Canberra, 1991, p. 98.

2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 1989-90 National Health Survey: Cardiovascular and Related Conditions, Australia, ABS, Canberra, 1991, p. 2.

3. Kannel, W., "Should all mild hypertension be treated? Yes", in Controversies in Therapeutics, Lasagna, L. (ed), W.B. Saunders Co., 1980, p. 299.

4. McDougall, J., McDougall's Medicine, New Century Publishers, 1985, pp. 203-30.

5. ABS, Causes of Death, Australia 1992, ABS, Canberra, 1993, p. 1.

6. Klaper, M., Vegan Nutrition: Pure and Simple, Gentle World, Inc., Umatilla, Florida, US, 1987.

7. Klaper, M., Pregnancy, Children, and the Vegan Diet, Gentle World, Inc., 1987.

8. Report of working party, "Prevention of coronary heart disease", Journal of the Royal College of Physicians, 1976, vol. 10, p. 213.

9. Trends in Australian Mortality 1921-1988, p. 33.

10. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare and the Australasian Association of Cancer Registries, Cancer in Australia 1983-1985, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare: Cancer Series, No. 1, Jelfs, P. et al (eds), 1992, AGPS, Canberra, p. 101.

11. Causes of Death, Australia 1992, pp. 27-9

12. "War on cancer a failure, says former scientist", Animals' Agenda (US), Sept. 1985, p. 14.

13. Australasian Association of Cancer Registries and Australian Institute of Health, Cancer in Australia 1982, National Cancer Statistics Clearing House Scientific Publication No. 1, Giles, G.G. et al (eds), 1987, pp. 28-9.

14. Cancer in Australia 1983-1985, p.119.

15. Stamler, J., "Elevated cholesterol may increase lung cancer risk in smokers", Heart Research Letter, 1969, vol. 14, p. 2.

16. Lemon, F., "Death from respiratory disease", Journal of the American Medical Association, 1966, vol. 198, p. 117.

17. Cancer in Australia 1983-1985, p. 124.

18. Cancer Epidemiology Research Unit, NSW Central Cancer Registry, NSW Cancer Council, Trends in Cancer Incidence by Region New South Wales 1972-1990, by McCredie, M. et al, NSW Cancer Council, 1992, p. 32.

19. Hirayama, T., Paper presented at Conference on Breast Cancer and Diet, US-Japan Cooperative Cancer Research Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Seattle, WA, US, March 14-15, 1977. Cited in ref. 20, pp. 264-65.

20. Robbins, J., Diet For a New America, Stillpoint Publishing, Walpole, NH, US, 1987.

21. Brinkley, D. & Haybrittle, J., "The curability of breast cancer", Lancet, 1975, vol. 2, p. 95.

22. Scanlon, E., Journal of the American Medical Association, Sept. 4, 1991.

23. Cancer in Australia 1982, p. 46.

24. Cancer in Australia 1983-1985, p. 102.

25. Cancer in Australia 1982, p. 50.

26. Cancer in Australia 1983-1985, pp. 125-26.

27. Campion, M., referring to his 1988-1990 study for the Centres For Disease Control and the Regional Cancer Centre in Atlanta, Georgia. Reported in "Pap smear can miss cancer: US study", The Sydney Morning Herald, Nov. 13, 1991.

28. Cancer in Australia 1983-1985, p. 127.

29. Cancer in Australia 1982, p. 42.

30. "Increase in testicular cancer found", The Sydney Morning Herald, Sept. 28, 1993. Referring to study by J. Stone for the Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute in Melbourne which was presented to the International Epidemiology Association Conference, held at the University of Sydney on Sept. 27, 1993.

31. Cancer in Australia 1982, p. 52.

32. ibid., p. 24.

33. Jones, M. et al, "Interstate differences in incidence and mortality from melanoma", The Medical Journal of Australia, 1992, vol. 157, pp. 373-78.

34. Determined by comparing statistics in Cancer in Australia 1982, p. 34 and Cancer in Australia 1983-1985, p. 123.

35. Cancer in Australia 1982, p. 32.

36. ibid., p. 54.

37. ibid., p. 62.

38. ibid., p. 58.

39. "Why are so many of our kids getting cancer?", The Sydney Morning Herald, April 4, 1991.

40. McWhirter, W. & Petroeschevsky, A., "Incidence trends in childhood cancer in Queensland, 1973-1988", The Medical Journal of Australia, 1991, vol. 154, pp. 453-55.

41. Numerous human clinical and epidemiological studies are cited in The Politics of Cancer by Epstein, S., Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, 1978; Diet For a New America by Robbins, J., Stillpoint Publishing, Walpole, NH, 1987; and The Cruel Deception by Sharpe, R., Thorsons Publishing Group, Wellingborough, UK, 1988. Unfortunately, the first two books also cite animal studies. Animal studies are not relevant to humans and the data obtained from these are misleading.

42. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 1989-90 National Health Survey (NHS): Asthma and Other Respiratory Conditions, Australia, ABS, Canberra, 1991, pp. 3-4.

43. Morey, S., in "Asthma: State's silent killer", The Daily Telegraph Mirror, Sydney, May 6, 1991.

44. ABS, 1989-90 National Health Survey: Diabetes, Australia, ABS, Canberra, 1991, pp. 1-2.

45. Causes of Death, Australia 1992, p. 14.

46. Westmead Hospital Research Institute information booklet, WHRI, Westmead Hospital, NSW, 1993, p. 25.

47. ABS, 1989-90 NHS: Musculoskeletal Conditions, Australia, ABS, Canberra, 1991, pp. 2-3.

48. Reported in "Arthritis hits children", The Daily Telegraph Mirror, Sydney, Aug. 6, 1991.

49. "Physical and mental disabilities in newborns doubled in 25 years", New York Times, July 19, 1983.

50. Matsunaga, E.I. & Shiota, K., "Search for maternal factors associated with malformed human embryos: a prospective study", Teratology, 1980, vol. 21, pp. 323-31.

51. ABS, 1989-90 NHS: Health Status Indicators, Australia, ABS, Canberra, 1991, pp. 11-90.

52. Trends in Australian Mortality 1921-1988, p. 68.

53. ibid., p. 75.

54. New South Wales Alzheimer's Association in "Alzheimer's: epidemic waiting to hit the baby-boomers", The Sun Herald, Sydney, Nov. 4, 1990.

55. Sharpe, R., The Cruel Deception: The Use of Animals in Medical Research, Thorsons Publishing Group, Wellingborough, UK, 1988, pp. 21-41.

56. Australian Bureau of Statistics, Official Year Books of the Commonwealth of Australia series, ABS, Canberra.

57. Ruesch, R., Naked Empress or The Great Medical Fraud, CIVIS Publications, Massagno, Switzerland, 1982 (latest edition, 1992).

58. Bealle, M., The Drug Story, Biworld Publishers, Orem, Utah, US, 1976. Original edition: The Super Drug Story, Columbia Publishing Co., Washington, DC, 1949. Also titled The New Drug Story.

59. Allen, G., None Dare Call It Conspiracy, Concord Press, Seal Beach, California, 1971.

60. Mullins, E., Murder By Injection: The Story of the Medical Conspiracy Against America, The National Council for Medical Research, Staunton, Virginia, US, 1988.

61. Wisconsin Action Coalition and Citizen Fund of Washington, DC., Milwaukee Sentinel, April 30, 1990.

62. Carter, J., in AMA (American Medical Association) News, June 8, 1979.

63. Lamour, I. et al, "A prospective study of hospital admissions due to drug reactions", Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 1991, vol. 21(2), pp. 90-95.

64. Health Care Reform Group, Compulsory Immunisation: A Statement of Concern, HCRG, Glebe, NSW, 1991, p. 13.

65. New Scientist, no. 218, July 17, 1980.

66. "A crisis of confidence", Australian Penthouse, April 1983, p. 39.

67. Mann, R.D., Modern Drug Use, an Enquiry on Historical Principles, MTP Press, UK, 1984.

68. Mendelsohn, R., Confessions of a Medical Heretic, Warner Books, New York, 1980.

69. Mendelsohn, R., Male(e) Practice: How Doctors Manipulate Women, Contemporary Books, Chicago, 1982.

70. Mendelsohn, R., How To Raise a Healthy Child...In Spite of Your Doctor, Ballantine Books, New York, 1987.

71. Mendelsohn, R., But Doctor, About That Shot: The Risks of Immunizations and How To Avoid Them, Chatz., V. (ed), The People's Doctor, Inc., Evanston, Illinois, 1988.

72. Ruesch, H., Slaughter of the Innocent, Bantam Books, US, 1978. (Latest edition by Civitas Publ., Hartsdale, New York, 1991.)

73. Taylor, R., Medicine Out of Control: The Anatomy of a Malignant Technology, Sun Books, South Melbourne, Victoria, 1979.

74. Marston, S., The Vaccination Connection, PRISM, Woodland Hills, CA, and The Natural Health Clinic, Inc., Los Angeles, CA, 1993.

75. Illich, I., Limits to Medicine - Medical Nemesis: The Expropriation of Health, Pelican Books, UK, 1979.

76. The New Medical Foundation, Dissent in Medicine: Nine Doctors Speak Out, Contemporary Books, Chicago, 1985.

77. Braithwaite, J., Corporate Crime in the Pharmaceutical Industry, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1984.

78. Braithwaite, J., in "Staff shortages hamper evaluation work", The Sydney Morning Herald, Jan. 18, 1989.

79. Croce, P., Vivisection or Science: a Choice to Make, CIVIS Publ., Massagno, Switzerland, 1991.

80. Ruesch, H., 1000 Doctors (and many more) Against Vivisection, CIVIS Publ., Massagno, Switzerland, 1989.

81. Croce, P., Vivisection or Science, p. 34.

82. Hawkins, D.F. (Ed.), Drugs and Pregnancy - Human Teratogenesis and Related Problems, Churchill Livingstone, UK, 1983.

83. Smithells, R.W., in Monitoring for Drug Safety, Inman, W.H. (Ed.), MTP Press, UK, 1980.

84. Bross, I., "Animals in cancer research: a multi-billion dollar fraud" in Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, Nov. 1982.

85. Ruesch, H., Naked Empress or The Great Medical Fraud, p. 9.

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